Wayne Shorter

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Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
Convocation Hall, Toronto,
November 27, 1977
Background info
Birthday/Birthplace (1933-08-25) August 25, 1933
Newark, New Jersey, United States
Genre(s) Modal jazz, crossover jazz, post-bop, hard bop, jazz fusion, third stream
Profession(s) Musician, composer
Instruments Tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone
Active Years 1958–present
Record Labels Blue Note, Columbia, Verve
Worked with Art Blakey, Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, Freddie Hubbard, Joni Mitchell, John Pattitucci, Weather Report
Official Website www.wayneshorter.com

Wayne Shorter (Newark, August 25, 1933) is an American jazz saxophonist and composer.

He is one of the most active and influential jazz musicians, permanently throughout his career. Heir of John Coltrane, his music fits into the post-bop, having made fundamental contributions to the development of hard bop, modal jazz and fusion, adding even in his latest albums a funk touch.

Shorter’s influence on many of the artists that emerged in the 1980s (such as Branford Marsalis) has been considerable based on his work from the 60s and 70s.

Expert in both the soprano and the tenor sax, Shorter sounds different depending on whether you play one or the other. With the tenor sax, it sounds strict and cerebral, while with the soprano it becomes more lyrical and sensitive.

As a composer he is known for his carefully conceived, complex and extensive melodies, many of which have become jazz standards.

Wayne_Shorter’s Biography

Shorter started as a clarinet player at the age of 16, but switched to tenor saxophone before entering New York University in 1952. After graduating in 1956, he played with Horace Silver for a brief period until enlisting in the army. for two years. Once out of service, he joined the Maynard Ferguson orchestra, meeting pianist Joe Zawinul. Also in 1958, he began to improvise in jazz clubs with John Coltrane and Sonny Rollins, and the following year, 1959, Shorter joined the Jazz Messengers of Art Blakey, with whom he stayed until 1963, after having been its musical director in some moments During that period with Blakey, he made his debut as a leader recording some albums for the Chicago Vee-Jay label. After several tentatives, Miles Davis finally got him to join his quintet in September 1964.

During his time with Davis, which lasted until 1970, Shorter became the group’s most prolific composer, contributing songs such as “ESP”, “Pinocchio”, “Nefertiti”, “Sanctuary”, “Footprints”, “Fall” and the classic description of Miles “Prince of Darkness”. When Davis transitioned from acoustic to electric jazz, Shorter also played soprano saxophone in 1968, an instrument that proved to be more suitable for the new electronic timbres than the tenor. As for his prolific solo work for Blue Note during this period, Shorter expanded his hard bop musical palette to the very limits of the atonal avant-garde, even with interesting forays into the territory of fusion with rock at the beginning of the seventies.

In November 1970, together with Joe Zawinul and Miroslav Vitous, he formed the group Weather Report, where after an impetuous start, Shorter’s playing became more melodic and little by little more subordinated to the concepts of Zaniwul. At that time, he played mainly the soprano saxophone, although at the end of the band’s career the tenor played again. Shorter’s solo work during this stage was very limited, producing a single disc, Native Dancer, an interesting approach to fusion with Brazilian rhythms in collaboration with Milton Nascimento. Shorter also revisited the past in the late seventies while touring with Freddie Hubbard and former collaborators of Miles like Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter and Tony Williams forming a group called V.S.O.P.

Shorter left Weather Report in 1985. Still committed to electronics and fusion, his compositions of this new stage are more worked, rigorously supported by the rhythm section and with very complicated arrangements. After three albums for Columbia between 1986-1988, and a tour with Carlos Santana, he disappeared from the scene until 1992, when he returned with Wallace Roney and the rhythm section of V.S.O.P. in a record tribute to Miles Davis. In 1994, already in Verve, Shorter presented High Life, in collaboration with the keyboardist Rachel Z. He participated as a guest in the 1997 Rolling Stones album Bridges to Babylon and Herbie Hancock’s Gershwin’s World in 1998. In 2001, he returned with Hancock to record Future 2 Future and Marcus Miller from Miller himself.

In 1998 he received an honorary doctorate in music from the prestigious Berklee College of Music. He has received 8 Grammy awards to date, both as a composer and instrumentalist, and in 2006, his quartet won the annual prize for small jazz groups from the North American Jazz Journalists Association, and in 2007 he received the “Donostiako Award”. Jazzaldia “, given annually by the San Sebastian Jazz Festival (Jazzaldia). In 2010 he was awarded another honorary doctorate from the University of New York

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