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|Rosalind Elsie Franklin|
|Birthday/Birthplace||Rosalind Elsie Franklin
(1920-07-25)25 July 1920
Notting Hill, London, UK
|Deceased||16 April 1958(1958-04-16)
Chelsea, London, UK
|Cause of death||Ovarian cancer|
|Resting place||Willesden United Synagogue Cemetery
51°32′41″N 0°14′24″W / 51.5447°N 0.2399°W / 51.5447; -0.2399
|College(s)||University of Cambridge (PhD)|
|Thesis||The physical chemistry of solid organic colloids with special reference to coal (1945)|
|Doctoral students||Raymond Gosling|
Rosalind Franklin Short Bio
Rosalind Elsie Franklin (Notting Hill, July 25, 1920-Chelsea, April 16, 1958) was an English chemist and crystallographer, responsible for important contributions to the understanding of DNA structure (the X-ray diffraction images that revealed the double helix shape of this molecule are his own), the RNA, the viruses, the carbon & nbsp; and the graphite. appreciated in life, while his personal contribution to studies related to DNA, which had a profound impact on scientific advances in genetics, was not recognized in the same way as the works of James Dewey Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins.
Born into a prominent English Jewish family, Franklin was educated at a private school in Norland Place, in West London, at the Lindores School for Young Ladies in Sussex, and at St Paul’s School for Girls, where she excelled in all sports and subjects. She was accepted to the university at age 18, and won a scholarship of 30 pounds a year for three years. His father asked him to donate the money to refugee students of the Second World War. After studying Natural Sciences at the Newnham College in Cambridge, where he graduated in 1941. He won a university scholarship at the University of Cambridge, in the laboratory of physicochemistry, under the supervision of Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, who disappointed her for his lack of enthusiasm Fortunately, the British Association for the Investigation of the Use of Coal (BCURA, for its acronym in English) offered her a position as a researcher in 1942, and that is how she started her work on coal. This helped her to obtain her doctorate in 1945. She went to Paris in 1947, as a chercheur (postdoctoral researcher) under the supervision of Jacques Mering in the Central Laboratory of Chemical Services of the State, where she became an accomplished X-ray crystallographer. She joined King’s College London in 1951, but was forced to move to Birkbeck College after only two years, due to disagreements with her director John Randall and, even more so, with her colleague Maurice Wilkins. In Birkbeck, J. D. Bernal, director of the Department of Physics, offered him a separate research team. Rosalind Franklin died of ovarian cancer at 37 years of age.
Franklin took the DNA images by X-ray diffraction during his stay at King’s College, London. These images, which suggested a helical structure and allowed to generate inferences about key details about DNA, were shown by Wilkins to Watson, according to Francis Crick, the research and data obtained by it were key to determining the model of Watson and Crick of the double helix of DNA in 1953. Watson confirmed this view through a statement of his own at the inauguration of the Franklin-Wilkins building in 2000.
His work was the third to be published in a series of three articles on DNA in the journal Nature, the first of which was Watson and Crick, Watson, Crick and Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. in 1962. Watson pointed out that Franklin should have also been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with Wilkins.
After completing his work on DNA, with his own team at Birkbeck College, Franklin led research into the molecular structures of viruses, which led to discoveries never before seen. Among the viruses he studied included poliovirus and tobacco mosaic virus.Continuing his research, his teammate and later beneficiary Aaron Klug won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1982.
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