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|Globocnik in 1938, as an Standartenführer (Colonel)|
|Full name||Odilo Lothar Ludwig Globočnik, also Germanised as Globotschnig(g)|
|Birthday/Birthplace||(1904-04-21)21 April 1904
Trieste, Austria-Hungary (now Italy)
|Deceased||31 May 1945(1945-05-31)
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Odilo Lotario Globocnik (Trieste, April 21, 1904 – Paternion, Austria; May 31, 1945) was an Austrian war criminal, a SS general and one of the most prominent executive perpetrators of the Jewish Holocaust.
Odilo Globocnik’s Biography
He was born into a Slovenian family in Trieste (when he was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire), in what is now Italy. His father was a military man from the Habsburg house who retired in 1918 and his mother was Hungarian.
Globocnik acted as a merchant in construction materials and in 1922 while in Carinthia he joined pre-Nazi paramilitary groups. In 1931, he joined the NSDAP and subsequently enrolled in the SS with No. 442,939 in 1934, soon perpetrated several subversive activities and was arrested and imprisoned several times. He promoted Nazi movements against the government of Austria for the annexation (Anschluss) until his overthrow, which earned him to be rewarded by Hitler himself by giving him a position as Gauleiter of Vienna in August 1938.
However, his cold, energetic, brutal and dynamic personality that had the high ascendancy with Himmler of which he was unconditional, Globocnik took advantage of the situation and led an extravagant lifestyle, made shady deals of economic resources of the party , usurped assets of Jewish families and incurred serious political descriptors creating a trail of personal enemies of the Catholic wing of the NSDAP whose threads were extended to gain a bad reputation before Hermann Göring who did everything possible to unseat it. Finally, Himmler himself removed him from office and Hitler was appointed by Josef Burckel as his successor in January 1939.
Globocnik already dismissed, did not leave and sought remission enlisting that same year in the Waffen SS as a volunteer and participated in the Invasion of Poland, in the Germania regiment where thanks to his meritorious distinctive actions he achieved the absolution of Himmler and a grade as a non-commissioned officer.
Himmler by virtue of his merits, granted him a second chance and on November 9, 1939 he was appointed Chief of Police in Lublin.
On October 31, 1941, Globocnik received a verbal order from Himmler to initiate the first Aktion Reinhard guidelines, the so-called Nisko Plan, which involved the construction of the first extermination camp in Belzec and the following fields for the region. the same purpose: Treblinka, Majdanek, Sobibor and Małkinia Górna. For these purposes, Himmler created a front company in which Globocnick appeared as director.
He received a slave hand and the installations, furnaces and, under the management of Rolf Günther, supervised together with the doctors in racial hygiene Wilhelm Pfannenstiel and Kurt Gerstein the obtaining and the administration of Zyklon B in substitution of the carbon monoxide for Gassing of the victims. The toxic was produced by IG Farben with license Degesh
Once these camps were operational, he proceeded to liquidate the ghettos of Warsaw and Bialystok, which together had some 515,000 Jews, and he also implemented the Lublin Ghetto or Reservation with 95,000 Jews selected for use in slave labor as well as other labor camps. forced. So brutal and effective was the management of Globocnik that the first three camps completed ended or decreased their activity by 1943. He organized the police in the territories conquered in the Soviet Union by appointing five SS commanders in key positions with the following distribution in the territories: Georg Michalsen in the district of Riga; Kurt Classen in Minsk; Hermann Höfle in Mogilew, Richard Thomalla in the Kiev region and Dorp Hermann as regional police chief. These people were entrusted with the construction of forced labor and transfer camps that were within the Aktion Reinhard framework.
Oppression in Zamosc
Likewise, Himmler, through the management of Globocnik, carried out the resettlement trials in the Zamość region to apply later to Slavic peoples by the time the USSR was conquered. For this he used a special contingent like the SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger to sweep the partisans of Belarus.
In Zamość the resettlement trials were carried out in a brutal manner and there was great resistance from the partisans, this triggered a response from Globocnik, also involving the einsatzgruppen and the Feldgendarmerie SS in conjunction with the local police. Many massacres in some 110 villages in this region and thousands of Jews escaped into the Belarusian forests. The cruelty of the perpetrators and the massive flight of Poles greatly upset Hans Frank who informed Himmler of the results of Globocnik’s actions. Himmler ordered the suspension of the trial program.
Globocnik was transferred to Trieste as Chief of the High SS and of the Adriatic Police, Globocnik moved with a complete extermination team (called Einsatz R). The team included a Ukrainian SS contingent, some former regional participants of Aktion Reinhard and also the administrators of closed concentration camps in Poland: Franz Stangl, Gottlieb Hering, Lorenz Hackenholt and Christian Wirth.
In Istria continued the persecution of Sephardic Italian Jews in addition to Azkenahzies and the policy of extermination in the Fields of San Saba near Trieste, also began a program of Euthanasia in hospitals. This triggered strong reactions from partisans of Tito who harassed them, persecuted them and surrounded them until their capture. In one of those actions he died ambushed in Erpelle, Christian Wirth, on May 26, 1944, Hackenholt apparently managed to sneak away and his whereabouts were never known, nor was he seen any more alive, the same happened with Gottlieb Hering. / p>
Globocnik was stopped by the 4th Royal Hussars British Regiment in the pastures of Möslacher Alm, in Carinthia, on May 31, 1945, fell with him, Höfle, Lerch and Michalsen. Globocnik already arrested, committed suicide by poisoning with cyanide that same day in the outskirts of the walls of the Paternion castle. Globocnik was ultimately responsible for and accomplices in the death of approximately 1,500,000 to 1,800,000 people, most of them Jews and non-Jews of nationalities such as: Poles, Russians, Swedes, French, Germans, Slovaks, Dutch, Spaniards, Italians, some Portuguese, Turks and Austrians.
More Facts about Odilo Globocnik
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