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|Bushnell in 2013|
|Birthday/Birthplace||Nolan Kay Bushnell
(1943-02-05) February 5, 1943
|Lives Where||Southern California|
|College(s)||University of Utah
Stanford Business School
|Awards Won||Video Game Hall of Fame
Consumer Electronics Association Hall of Fame
Chuck E. Cheese’s
Nolan Bushnell (born February 5, 1943, Clearfield, Utah, United States) is the founder of Atari and is along with Ralph Baer one of the pioneers of the video game industry.
Nolan Bushnell’s Biography
In 1968 he graduated in Electrical Engineering from the University of Utah, and was a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity. Bushnell was one of the many computer students who, in the 1960s, played the now famous Spacewar game on DEC mainframe computers. In 1971 Bushnell and his partner Ted Dabney created Computer Space, a clone of Spacewar. The game was manufactured and distributed by Nutting Associates and was installed on its own recreational machine. Computer Space proved too far ahead of its time and was a commercial failure.
Nonetheless, Bushnell was determined to make a video game that could be played by anyone. In 1972, he and Dabney founded Atari and saw it all clearly, at a computer fair in Burlingame, California, where they saw the Magnavox Odyssey, for the first time, and they played the ping-pong version created by Ralph Baer. Bushnell realized that the game could be improved and easier to play. Alcorn, an Atari engineer, perfected the PONG video game, and Bushnell installed it in a bar in Grass Valley, California and in a tavern in Sunnyvale, California called Andy Capp’s (which is now Rooster T. Feathers). Pong was a popular game but the appearance of imitations prevented Atari from dominating the slot machine market.
In 1974, Bushnell and Atari decided to make a version of PONG for the domestic environment. Thanks to a marketing and distribution agreement with Sears, PONG sales took off in 1975. In 1977, Atari released the Atari 2600 VCS (Video Computer System), which revolutionized the home video game market and began the new era of consoles of video games. The demand was so great that even Atari executives had to lend a hand in the production lines during the first Christmas after launch. In 1976, Warner Communications (now Time Warner) bought Atari, and Bushnell was forced to leave the company in 1978
While still in Atari, in 1977 he bought the Pizza Time Theaters franchise from Warner Communications (Pizza Time was originally created in Atari), a place where children could eat Pizza and play video games. Pizza Time / Chuck E. Cheese’s also had robotic animals that played music (Bushnell had always wanted to work for Walt Disney, but he never got hired when he was just a graduate, so the mascot Chuck E. Cheese’s was his tribute to Disney) . In 1984 Bushnell left Chuck E. Cheese’s Pizza Time Theaters (now named after his famous pet) as the company went into suspension of payments. Later the company overcame the crisis and now it is a chain of restaurants with success.
In addition to the robots he developed for Chuck E. Cheese’s, in 1982 Bushnell participated in the creation of Androbot Inc., a company that introduced the concept of robots for home entertainment. However, the company stopped production in 1984. Androbot was one of the many companies of Catalyst Technologies Venture Capital Group, one of the first business incubators. Other companies in the group were Etak, Cumma, and Axlon (and others).
Axlon successfully launched several consumer electronics products, one of the most notable was AG Bear, a bear that repeated the words the children told him. Axion was sold largely to Hasbro.
In 1984, Bushnell entered the videogame business again, founding ‘Sente Games. (Sente is a word in Japanese that is used in Bushnell’s favorite game Go, Midway Games agreed to distribute the Sente games, the company’s published title list includes the popular one-on-one hockey game. one Hat Trick (1984).
Bushnell has founded more than 20 companies (the most recent being uWink, which he founded in 1999). It has been included in the “Video Game Hall of Fame” and the Consumer Electronics Association “Hall of Fame”. In 2005 he was one of the judges of the reality show Made in the USA
Nolan Bushnell Net Worth – $50 Million
More Facts about Nolan Bushnell
The Nolan Bushnell’s statistics like age, body measurements, height, weight, bio, wiki, net worth posted above have been gathered from a lot of credible websites and online sources. But, there are a few factors that will affect the statistics, so, the above figures may not be 100% accurate.