Marcus Garvey

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Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey
Garvey in 1924
Birthday/Birthplace Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr.
(1887-08-17)17 August 1887
Saint Ann’s Bay, Jamaica
Deceased 10 June 1940(1940-06-10)
West Kensington, London, England
Profession(s) Publisher, journalist
Credit for Activism, black nationalism, Pan-Africanism
Wife/Husband Amy Ashwood
(m. 1919; div. 1922)
Amy Jacques (m. 1922)
Kid(s) 2
Parent(s) Marcus Mosiah Garvey Sr.
Sarah Jane Richards

Marcus Mosiah Garvey (August 17, 1887 – June 10, 1940), an iconic figure for the black world tradition was a Jamaican preacher, journalist and businessman and was the founder of the Association Universal for the Improvement of the Black Man (UNIA, for its acronym in English), with its motto One god, one aim, one destiny (One god, one goal, one destiny).

Marcus Garvey’s Biography

He was born in Saint Ann’s Bay, a town north of Jamaica. Garvey was the son of a skilled bricklayer who owns an important library. He was the youngest of eleven brothers, of whom only two reached maturity. He studied at a Methodist school. He got married twice. The first time, with Amy Ashwood (from 1919 to 1922) and the second with Amy Jacques, with whom he had two children (from 1922 until his death in 1940).

After some time as an apprentice in his godfather’s printing press, at the age of 16 he moved to Kingston and worked in the P. A. Benjamin printing house, where he became a master printer and foreman. This work was of great help to him later at the time of creating his own newspaper. In 1907 Garvey was elected vice president of the printers’ union of Kingston. He was dismissed from this job in 1908 because of his participation in the strike of the Union of Printers, demanding work improvements. Travel to Chile where he works in Tocopilla until 1910.

From here he traveled, first through Costa Rica and then through Panama, where he published a newspaper before returning to Jamaica in 1912. He traveled to London from 1912 to 1914 and back in Jamaica, in August 1914, he founded the “Universal Association for the Improvement of the Black Man”, called UNIA in its acronym in English and became its president. Among the founding members was Amy Ashwood, who would later become his first wife. The association’s goal was to “unite all people of African origin in the world in one body to establish a country and government absolutely their own.” The flag of the UNIA had the colors red, black and green.

In 1916, Garvey moved to the United States, and founded a newspaper called Black World. In 1917 he formed in the USA. the first UNIA section outside of Jamaica and began its conference tours advocating the return of former black slaves to Africa. To support this opinion Garvey said that “educational, industrial and political success is based on the protection of a nation founded by us and that nation can only be in Africa.” In fact, Garvey considered that racial segregation widely practiced and tolerated in the United States actually prevented all possible integration of blacks in American society, stating that such “integration” (postulated by other black leaders as WEB Du Bois) would result in failure . Garvey even created a steam ship company called “Black Star Line” for transportation to Africa, Haiti, Jamaica, Costa Rica and elsewhere to employ African sailors.

In 1918 UNIA claimed to have two million members and in August 1920, during a UNIA convention, 25,000 people filled Madison Square Garden in New York to hear Garvey’s speeches. The UNIA then claimed to have four million members, which would make it the largest movement in favor of the black man of its time.

In the first years of the decade of the 20 ‘Garvey makes a prophecy, which will be taken as the core of Rastafarianism: “Look at Africa, a black king will be crowned because the day of liberation is near.” Complying but until November 2, 1930 when the Ras Tafari Makonnen was crowned as Emperor of Ethiopia. This prophetic act was a sounding board for Garvey’s struggle for liberation, giving impetus to a historic movement that would be unforgettable in the hearts of black people. The embryo of Rastafarian ideas came out into the world.

In 1923, Garvey was convicted of selling shares of the “Black Star Line” with a brochure that said that the company owned a boat that, according to the accusation, did not belong to him. According to Garvey supporters, the trial was not fair and was taken advantage of by his enemies, both white and black; meanwhile Garvey himself attributed the condemnation to the prejudice that had been fueled against him because his “return to Africa” ​​postulates were shared (albeit for very different reasons) by the racist leaders of the Ku Klux Klan. Garvey was jailed in Atlanta and served two years in prison for the five he was sentenced to, but Garvey did not believe in violence and urged his followers to respect the law and not provoke altercations. President Calvin Coolidge pardoned him and he was deported to Jamaica, where in 1929 he founded the first modern party in that country, the PPP , (People’s Political Party: People’s Political Party).

In Jamaica, Garvey went to the elections with a program in which he claimed self-government and that same year he was elected to the position of councilor, but lost his position due to his absences because of a jail sentence for contempt and He was re-elected in 1930 without opposition along with two colleagues from the PPP. However, without options to develop his political program in the environment of Jamaica, at that time a British colony much less developed than the United States, Garvey left Jamaica in 1935 and died in London in 1940.

More Facts about Marcus Garvey

Whole Name Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr.
AKA(s) ONH, Marcus Garvey, Garvey, Jr., Marcus Mosiah
Born/Where St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica
Born August 17, 1887
Died 1940-06-10
Lived 52 years, 9 month, 24 days
Astrological sign Leo
Work “Explanation of the Objects of the Universal Negro Improvement Association”
Relationships Amy Euphemia Jacques Garvey
Children Marcus Mosiah Garvey, III and Julius Winston, Marcus Mosiah Garvey, III and Julius
Parents/Family Sarah Jane Richards, Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Sr.

The Marcus Garvey’s statistics like age, body measurements, height, weight, bio, wiki, net worth posted above have been gathered from a lot of credible websites and online sources. But, there are a few factors that will affect the statistics, so, the above figures may not be 100% accurate.

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