Marc Chagall

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Marc Chagall
Marc Chagall
Chagall, c.1920 (by Pierre Choumoff)
Birthday/Birthplace Moishe Shagal
(1887-07-06)6 July 1887 (N.S.)
Liozna, near Vitebsk, Russian Empire (present-day Belarus)
Deceased 28 March 1985(1985-03-28)
Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France
Citizenship Russian, later French
Credit for
  • Painting
  • stained glass
Cool work See List of artworks by Marc Chagall
Movement
  • Cubism
  • Expressionism
Wife/Husband Bella Rosenfeld (1915–1944, the year of her death) Valentina (Vava) Brodsky (1952-1985)

Marc Chagall (in Yiddish מארק שאגאל, Moishe Segal, in Russian Марк Захарович Шагал, Mark Zajárovich Shagal, Vítebsk, Russian Empire, July 7, 1887 – Saint-Paul de Vence, France, March 28, 1985) was a French painter of Belarusian origin.

Marc_Chagall’s Biography

He was born in Vitebsk (Belarus) and was the oldest of nine brothers from a Jewish family. His birth name was Moishe Segal (Мойше Сегал) or Movsha Jatskélevich Shagálov (Мовшa Хацкелевич Шагалов). His mother’s name was Felga-Ita. He was one of the most important avant-garde artists and in his work are resonances of fantasies and dreams.

In 1907, Marc Chagall moved to Saint Petersburg, where he joined the school of the Society of Art Sponsors and where he studied under the tutelage of Nikolai Roerich. Between 1909 and 1911 he studied at the school of Elizaveta Zvántseva under the tutorship of Léon Bakst. After becoming known as an artist he left St. Petersburg, Russia, to join a group of artists who were in the Montparnasse district, in Paris, France. In 1914 he returned to Vitebsk to marry his fiancée, Bella Rosenfeld whom he had met in 1909. At the beginning of the First World War, Chagall remained in his hometown. In 1915 he married Bella and the next year they had a daughter they called Ida.

Chagall would become an active participant in the Russian Revolution of 1917, for which he was appointed Art Commissioner for the Vitebsk region, where he founded the Vitebsk School of Art (fr: École artistique de Vitebsk) in 1919. However, due to the bureaucratic burden of the position of director in the School and the disagreements with Kazimir Malévich, professor of the School, he moved to Moscow in 1920 and then to Paris in 1923.

With the German occupation of France during the Second World War and the deportation of the Jews to the Nazi extermination camps, Marc Chagall had to leave Paris. With the help of American journalist Varian Fry, he moved to Villa Air-Bel in Marseille before Fry helped him escape from France, through Spain and Portugal. In 1941, the Chagalls settled in the United States.

Some of his most important works are La aldea y yo (1911), El violinista verde (1923-1924, Guggenheim Museum, New York), El cumpleaños (1915), Soledad (1933, Tel Aviv Museum). Chagall’s paintings have been sold for more than 6 million dollars, and his lithographs have also reached considerable value.

It is worth mentioning his stay on the Costa Brava, specifically in the town of Tosa de Mar, where he spent a couple of summers, in 1933 and 1934. At present, the famous work entitled El Tosa de Mar is housed in the Municipal Museum. celestial violinist.

In 1964, commissioned by Charles de Gaulle, Marc Chagall painted the ceiling of the Paris Opera. In 1977, he was awarded the Order of Legion of Honor of France.

In 1981, he received the Prize of the Wolf Foundation of the Arts of Jerusalem.

He died at the age of 97 and is buried in the village of Saint-Paul de Vence, near Nice, with his wife Valentina Bródskaya (Vava) and his brother-in-law.

His works can be found at the Paris Opera, at the First National Bank Square in downtown Chicago, at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, at the cathedral in Reims (France), at Fraumünster Cathedral in Zurich (Switzerland) and in the church of San Esteban in Mainz (Germany). The museum that bears his name in Vitebsk was founded in 1997 in the building where his family lived. The museum only has copies of his work, because during Soviet times he was considered persona non grata and copies of his works were not collected.

In 1978, the Spanish-Argentinean painter Enrique Sobisch carried out with great success, in Buenos Aires, an exhibition of more than 100 works in homage to Chagall, which he personally thanks.

The Barcelona publisher Acantilado published in 2004 his memoir, originally written in Russian and published in Paris in 1931 in translation of his wife, Bella Chagall.

Works by Chagall in Spain

Traditionally little known for Spanish collecting, Chagall now has a significant presence in Spain, mainly due to the opening of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid (four oil paintings, dated between 1913 and the 1930s). In addition to the aforementioned painting in Tosa de Mar, there are three others: a still life of flowers (Galicia, collection of Novacaixagalicia) and the painting Homme Fleurie (1976), in the Museo Universidad de Navarra, in Pamplona.

Another still life of flowers was kept in Madrid, in the Palace of Liria (Collection of the House of Alba) until it was auctioned in London.

More Facts about Marc Chagall

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