Leonard Cohen

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Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
CC GOQ
Cohen in 1988
Background info
Full name Leonard Norman Cohen
Birthday/Birthplace (1934-09-21)September 21, 1934
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Deceased November 7, 2016(2016-11-07)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Genre(s)
  • Folk
  • soft rock
Profession(s)
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
  • poet
  • novelist
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • keyboard
Active Years 1956–2016
Record Labels Columbia
Official Website leonardcohen.com

Leonard Norman Cohen (in English / lɛnərd koʊən /; Montreal, Quebec, Canada; September 21, 1934 – Los Angeles, California, United States; November 7, 2016) He was a Canadian poet, novelist and singer-songwriter. As a musician he developed a career with a continuous exploration of topics such as religion, politics, isolation, personal relationships and sexuality, and has been defined by the critic Bruce Eder as “one of the most fascinating and enigmatic singers and composers” of the late 60s. “Cohen has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame of the United States and the Musical Hall of Fame of Canada. He received the Order of Canada, the National Order of Quebec and in 2011 he was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for Letters.

Leonard Cohen’s Biography

First years (1934-1950)

Leonard Cohen was born on September 21, 1934 in Westmount, an Anglophone area of ​​Montreal, Quebec, in a Jewish middle class family. His mother, Marsha Klonitsky, was the daughter of Rabbi Solomon Klonitsky-Kline, of Lithuanian descent, whose paternal grandfather, whose family had emigrated from Poland, was Lyon Cohen, founding president of the Canadian Jewish Congress. His father, Nathan Cohen, who ran a clothing store, died when Leonard was nine years old. On his condition as Cohen, Leonard commented: “They told me he was a descendant of Aaron, the high priest.”

Cohen went to Roslyn Elementary School and, since 1948, to Westmount High School, where he became involved in the student council and studied music and poetry. Soon after and during his adolescence, he became interested in the poetry of Federico García Lorca. He learned to play the guitar and formed The Buckskin Boys, a country-folk group. Although he started playing an acoustic guitar, he soon started playing a classical guitar, after meeting a young Spanish guitarist who taught him “a few chords and a little flamenco”.

At this time, Cohen frequented Saint-Laurent Boulevard and ate at places like Main Deli Steak House, according to journalist David Sax, Main Deli was the place where Cohen and his cousins ​​used to go “to see the gangsters, pimps and wrestlers dance around the night. “[11] Cohen also enjoyed visiting the bars of Old Montreal as well as Saint Joseph’s Oratory, a place near Westmount where he went with his friend Mort Rosengarten to smoke or drink coffee. After leaving Westmount, Cohen moved to the working class neighborhood of Little Portugal on Saint-Laurent Boulevard, where he read his poetry in several clubs nearby. During this time he also wrote the lyrics of some of his most famous songs in years to come.

Career as a poet (1951-1966)

In 1951, Cohen joined McGill University in Montreal, where he became president of the Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate and won the Chester Macaghten Literary Competition for the poems “Sparrows” and “Thoughts of a Landsman”. ] He published his first poems in March 1954 in the journal CIV / n. The publication also included poems by Cohen’s teachers, Irving Layton and Louis Dudek. Cohen graduated the following year with a B.A. degree, equivalent to the title of Spanish degree. At that time, his poetry was influenced by literary authors such as William Butler Yeats, Irving Layton, Walt Whitman, Federico García Lorca, and Henry Miller. His first book of poetry, Let Us Compare Mythologies (1956), was published by Dudek as the first of the McGill Poetry series, one year after graduation. The book contained “poems written when Cohen was between fifteen and twenty years old” and was dedicated to his deceased father.

Hydra, Greek island where Cohen wrote much of his poetry during the 1960s.

After completing his career, Cohen spent one year at McGill Law School, and another year at the School of General Studies at Columbia University. The musician described his experience at the university as “passion without meat, love without climax.” Consequently, he left New York and returned to Montreal in 1957, where he worked in various trades and focused on writing poetry and fiction, including the poems of his next book, The Spice-ox of Earth (1961), the first published by the Canadian publisher McClelland & amp; Stewart. Fortunately for Cohen, his father had bequeathed him an income after his death, and the relative success of The Spice-Box of Earth helped him increase the audience for his poetry and his projection into the Canadian poetic scene. The book also helped him gain critical acclaim as a new voice in Canadian poetry. Ira Nadel, Cohen’s biographer, commented that “the reaction to the book once finished was enthusiastic and admiring … The critic Robert Weaver found it powerful and declared that Cohen was probably the best young poet in Anglophone Canada”.

Throughout the 1960s, Cohen continued to write poetry and fiction. After buying a house in Hydra, a Greek island in the Saronic Islands, he preferred to live in semireclusive circumstances. During his stay at Hydra, he published the poetry collection Flowers for Hitler (1964) and the novels The Favorite Game (1963) and Beautiful Losers (1966). The first was a learning novel or bildungsroman about a young man seeking his identity in writing. On the contrary, Beautiful Losers received good attention from the Canadian press and raised controversy due to several passages with explicit sexual details. The same year, he also published Parasites of Heaven, another book of poems, which together with Beautiful Losers obtained scarce sales.

Subsequently, he published less poetry and concentrated on his growing musical career. In 1978, he published Death of a Lady’s Man, his first book of poetry in several years, and until 1984 he did not finish his next book, Book of Mercy, which won the Canadian Authors Association Literary Award for poetry. Book of Mercy included fifty poems influenced by Zen writings and by the Talmud, which the musician himself referred to as “prayers.” In 1993 he published Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songs, and in 2006, after ten years of delay and rewriting, Book of Longing, dedicated to the poet Irving Layton. At the end of the 1990s and the beginning of the following decade, part of Cohen’s collection of poems and lyrics premiered on the website The Leonard Cohen Files, including the original version of “A Thousand Kisses Deep,” later adapted as a song. 17]

His literary career was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for Literature at the 31st edition of the awards.

Leonard Cohen Net Worth – $40 Million

More Facts about Leonard Cohen

The Leonard Cohen’s statistics like age, body measurements, height, weight, bio, wiki, net worth posted above have been gathered from a lot of credible websites and online sources. But, there are a few factors that will affect the statistics, so, the above figures may not be 100% accurate.

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