Laika

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Laika
Laika
In 1957, Laika became the first animal launched into orbit, paving the way for human spaceflight. This photograph shows her in a flight harness.
Other name(s) Kudryavka
Species Canis lupus familiaris
Breed Mongrel, possibly part-husky (or part-Samoyed) and part-terrier
Sex Female
Birthday/Birthplace Laika
Лайка
c. 1954
Moscow, Soviet Union
Deceased 3 November 1957
Sputnik 2, in Low Earth orbit
Active Years 1957
Credit for First animal to orbit the Earth
Owner Soviet space program
Weight 5 kg (11 lb)

Laika Short Bio

Laika (in Russian Лайка, ‘barker’, Moscow, 1954 – Sputnik 2, Low Earth Orbit, November 3, 1957) was a Soviet space dog who became the first living being Earth to orbit the Earth. He did it aboard the Soviet ship Sputnik 2, on November 3, 1957, a month after the Sputnik 1 satellite. It was also the first animal to die in orbit.

As little was known about the effects that space flight could have on living beings at the time of the Laika mission, and suborbital technology had not yet been developed, there was no expectation that Laika would survive. Some scientists believed that humans could not survive the launch or conditions of outer space, so flight engineers saw animal flights as the necessary precursors for human missions.Laika, a street dog, originally called Kudryavka (Кудрявка, ‘little girl with curly hair’), underwent training with two other dogs, and was finally chosen as the crew member of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2, launched into outer space on 3 November. 1957.

Laika died hours after the launch due to overheating, which was probably caused by a failure of the R-7 power station, which is part of the thermal system of the ship, when separating from the payload. the time of his death was not revealed until 2002; instead, it was widely reported that he had died when, on the sixth day, he ran out of oxygen, or as the Soviet government initially claimed, he was euthanized before oxygen depletion. The experiment showed that it is possible for a living passenger to survive being put into orbit and support microgravity, paving the way for human space flight and providing scientists with some of the first data on how living organisms react to the environments of humans. space flights. After Laika, the USSR sent twelve more dogs into space, of which five returned alive to Earth.

On April 11, 2008, the Russian authorities unveiled a monument to Laika. This small monument in his honor was built near the military research center in Moscow that prepared Laika’s flight into space. It has the figure of a dog that is placed on top of a rocket.

More Facts about Laika

The Laika’s statistics like age, body measurements, height, weight, bio, wiki, net worth posted above have been gathered from a lot of credible websites and online sources. But, there are a few factors that will affect the statistics, so, the above figures may not be 100% accurate.

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