Kim Il Sung

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Kim Il Sung
Taewonsu
Kim Il-sung
김일성
Official portrait, issued after his death in 1994.
President of North Korea
In office
28 December 1972 – 8 July 1994
Premier Kim Il
Pak Song-chol
Li Jong-ok
Kang Song-san
Li Gun-mo
Yon Hyong-muk
Preceded by Position created a
Succeeded by Position abolished 
Premier of North Korea
In office
9 September 1948 – 28 December 1972
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Kim Il
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea
In office
11 October 1966 – 8 July 1994
Hierarchy

members of Presidium[show]

Preceded by Himself (as Chairman)
Succeeded by Kim Jong-il
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers Party of Korea
In office
30 June 1949 – 11 October 1966
Preceded by Kim Tu-bong
Succeeded by Himself (as General Secretary)
Deputy Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of North Korea
In office
28 August 1946 – 30 June 1949
Serving with Chu Yong-ha and Ho Ka-i
Chairman Kim Tu-bong
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Pak Hon-yong (as 1st Deputy Chairman) and Ho Ka-i (as 2nd Deputy Chairman)
Chairman of the North Korea Bureau of the Communist Party of Korea
In office
17 December 1945 – 28 August 1946
General Secretary Pak Hon-yong
Preceded by Kim Yong-bom
Succeeded by Kim Tu-bong (as WPNK chairman)
Deputy to the
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th Supreme People’s Assembly
In office
2 September 1948 – 8 July 1994
Chairman of the National Defence Commission
In office
27 December 1972 – 9 April 1993
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Kim Jong-il
Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army
In office
4 July 1950 – 24 December 1991
Preceded by Choe Yong-gon
Succeeded by Kim Jong-il
Personal details
Birthday/Birthplace Kim Sŏng-ju
(1912-04-15)15 April 1912
Mangyongdae, P’yŏng’yang-bu, P’yŏng’annam-do, Japanese Korea
Deceased 8 July 1994(1994-07-08)
Hyangsan Residence, Hyangsan County, North P’yŏngan province, North Korea
Cause of death Myocardial infarction
Resting place Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, Pyongyang
Citizenship North Korean
Political party Workers’ Party of Korea
Wife/Husband
  • Kim Jong-suk (died 1949)
  • Kim Song-ae
Kid(s)
  • Kim Jong-il
  • Kim Man-il
  • Kim Kyong-hui
  • Kim Kyong-jin
  • Kim Pyong-il
  • Kim Yong-il
Lives Where Pyongyang, DPR Korea
Profession President of North Korea
Signature
Military service
Allegiance
  •  China
  •  Soviet Union
  • North Korea
Service/branch Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army
Red Army
 Korean People’s Army Ground Force
Years of service
  • 1941–1945
  • 1948–1994
Rank Dae wonsu  (Grand Marshal)
Commands All  (Supreme commander)
Battles/wars
  • World War II
  • Korean War

  • a Choi Yong-kun was previously head of state as the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly
  • b Proclaimed “Eternal President of the Republic” after his death.

Kim Il-sung (chosŏn’gŭl: 김일성, & nbsp; hancha: 金日成, & nbsp; pronunciation: [kim ils͈ʌŋ]; Mangyongdae, Pionyang, Japanese Korea, April 15, 1912-Pionyang, North Korea, July 8, 1994) was a North Korean politician, creator of the Juche ideology and supreme leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea from 1948 until his death, at which time the Supreme People’s Assembly appointed to his son Kim Jong-il in that position.

He held the positions of prime minister from 1948 to 1972, and president onwards. He was also General Secretary of the Korean Labor Party and was elected Eternal President of the Republic. The propaganda apparatus [citation & nbsp; required] of the State led citizens to call him a Great Leader. The date of his birth and death are national commemorations in North Korea.

Kim Il Sung’s Biography

Beginning of his political career

His birth name was Kim Sŏng-ju (Korean 김성주) and, although it is not confirmed, it is claimed that he was born in Mangyondae, near Pyongyang, in a Korea that was under occupation then Japanese Kim’s family was resolutely opposed to the Japanese occupiers, so in 1920 they had to flee to China. Kim was sent to a school in Jilin, but his official education ended when he was arrested and imprisoned for “subversive activities.” He was part of anti-Japanese guerrillas in northern China, and became a member of a guerrilla group led by the Communist Party of China, a party he joined in 1931.

Kim fought in his unit from 1935 and was promoted until he became commander in 1941, when the Japanese pushed the guerrillas north of China. During this period he adopted the name of Kim Il Sung, who had been that of another anti-Japanese fighter killed in combat. He escaped to the Soviet Union and was sent to a training camp near Khabarovsk, where Korean communist guerrillas collaborated with Soviet forces. Kim became a captain of the Red Army.

When he returned to Korea in September 1945 (after the end of World War II and the unconditional surrender of Japan with the consequent withdrawal of Japanese troops from the Korean Peninsula) along with the Soviet forces, the northern sector remained low. his control, after having been elected – with the help of the Soviet Union – head of the provisional popular committee, although at that time he was not a leader of the Korean Communists, whose cadres were in Seoul, in the zone occupied in the south by United States.

Leader of North Korea

Kim Il-sung in 1946.

In 1948, due to a political and ideological polarization between the two Korean governments, the reunification of the country was not possible. Kim became the Prime Minister of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The communist party emerged through the union of different groups. After the merger of the organization with the counterpart of the South, the Korean Labor Party was formed.

On June 25, 1950, North Korea launched an attack aimed at liberating South Korea and uniting the country under a single socialist government. [citation & required] Then, the leaders of the United States and its allies they believed that Stalin had ordered this attack, producing the so-called Korean War, the first warlike conflict of the winning powers in World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union, known by the generic name Cold War.

The footage suggests that it was a North Korean decision not directed from Moscow. The North Korean forces seized Seoul and occupied most of the south, but United Nations troops (led by the United States) recovered Seoul and later Pyonyang, before which Kim and his government fled to China.

In November, Chinese forces entered the war and forced the United Nations troops to leave, occupying Pionyang and Seoul between 1950 and 1951. Seoul was once again controlled by the United Nations, and in 1953 the country was finally divided. in two parts.

Korea had been devastated by the war. The North Korean government developed five-year economic plans (in the same way as in the Soviet Union), focused on the development of heavy industry, military development and the collectivization of agriculture.

During the 1950s Kim was seen as an orthodox Communist, loyal to Soviet principles. But during the Sino-Soviet conflict of the 1960s, Kim maneuvered to maintain some neutrality, although he ultimately criticized China’s Maoist positions. At that time he developed the Juche ideology, of self-confidence, which led to greater isolation from the rest of the world. A new constitution was approved in December 1972. In 1980 the national congress approved that the next head of state would be his son Kim Jong-il.

GNP per capita in North Korea almost quadrupled between 1953 and 1960 (from $ 55 to $ 208), while it remained almost stagnant in South Korea ($ 56 to $ 60). Historian Bruce Cumings indicates that & nbsp; : “An internal report by the CIA admitted the different achievements of the regime & nbsp;: care for children and particularly for orphans, the” radical change “in the status of women, free medical care and preventive medicine, the rates of infant mortality and a life expectancy comparable to the more advanced countries.

Last years

At this time North Korea was facing major economic problems. The practical effects of Juche led to practically eliminating foreign trade, and economic relations with China were reduced after reforms led by Deng Xiaoping. The end of the Soviet bloc increased the problems of North Korea.

Kim Il-sung got married twice. His first wife, Kim Jong-suk, gave birth to two children (including Kim Jong-il, the other died in a swimming accident) and a daughter; Kim Jong-suk died giving birth. Kim later married Kim Song-ae and it is thought that they had four children together. One of them, Kim Pyong-il, enjoyed political presence until he was removed and virtually expelled after being appointed ambassador to Hungary. [Citation & required]

Death

In the early 1990s, North Korea was cut off from the outside world by the fall of the Soviet bloc, maintaining the exception of limited trade and contacts with China, Russia, Vietnam and Cuba. Its economy was paralyzed by huge expenditures on armaments, [citation & nbsp; required] and the agricultural sector was unable to feed the population. At the same time, the state media continued to praise Kim’s name.

On July 8, 1994, at age 82, Kim Il-sung fainted from a sudden heart attack. Later, Kim Jong-il ordered the team of doctors who were constantly at his father’s side to leave [appointment & nbsp; required] to be attended by the doctors of Pyongyang. After several hours, and despite the medical effort to save him, he finally died. After the traditional Confucian mourning period, his death was announced thirty hours later. [Quote & nbsp; required]

The death of Kim Il-sung led to a period of mourning of ten days, declared by Kim Jong-il. His funeral in Pyongyang was attended by hundreds of thousands of people from all over the country. Kim Il-sung’s body was exposed in public in the mausoleum of the Kumsusan Memorial Palace, where his embalmed and preserved body is currently under a glass coffin for viewing purposes. The head rests on a pillow, Korean style, and is covered by the flag of the Korean Labor Party. The news video about his funeral in Pyongyang is currently on several internet networks.

In his honor the kimilsungia flower was created.

Cult of personality

On Hill Mansu in the North Korean capital Pyongyang has erected the “Great Monument Kim Il-sung” in honor of the so-called “Great Leader”, whose statue is surrounded by more than 200 sculptures representing people fighting against occupation Other references in Kim’s honor are Kim Il-sung University, Kim Il-sung Stadium, Kim Il-sung Bridge and the statue of immortal Kim Il-sung. It is also traditional for the newlyweds of North Korea, immediately after the wedding, to go to the nearby statue of Kim Il-sung to offer flowers at their feet.

The image of Kim Il-sung is frequent in everyday places, such as public transport, the Pyongyang Metro, schools, airports, hospitals, even in homes. It is also at the border crossing between China and North Korea. His portrait appears on the North Korean won bills and stamps. Thousands of gifts to Kim Il-sung of foreign personalities are kept at the International Friendship Center.

More Facts about Kim Il Sung

The Kim Il Sung’s statistics like age, body measurements, height, weight, bio, wiki, net worth posted above have been gathered from a lot of credible websites and online sources. But, there are a few factors that will affect the statistics, so, the above figures may not be 100% accurate.

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