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|Jonas Savimbi in 1989|
|Full name||Jonas Malheiro Savimbi|
|Birthday/Birthplace||(1934-08-03)3 August 1934
Munhango, Bié Province
|Deceased||22 February 2002(2002-02-22)
Lucusse, Moxico Province
|Allegiance|| FNLA 1964–66
|Years of service||1964–2002|
|Commands held||President and Supreme Commander of UNITA (1966 – 2002)|
|Battles/wars||Angolan War of Independence
Angolan Civil War
Jonas Savimbi (Munhango, province of Moxico, Angola 3 August 1934 – † Lucusse, Moxico, February 22, 2002) was an Angolan politician. He was the founder of UNITA, whose initial objective was to liberate Angola from Portuguese colonial rule and, subsequently, from the one-party government of the leftist Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, to which it was ideologically opposed.
Jonas Savimbi’s Biography
His father was an evangelist pastor who worked in the Benguela railway, a Portuguese company. As a student, Savimbi obtained a scholarship in 1960 to complete his secondary studies and study medicine in Lisbon. He did not study medicine, but political science in Switzerland. Although he has a diploma from the University of Lausanne or the Geneva Institute of International Studies, these universities do not prove that he has graduated, then travel to China to train in guerrilla techniques.
After receiving political and military training in communist China Mao Zedong, becomes part of the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA). In 1966, upon his return to Angola, after separating from the FNLA, he was the founder of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) supported by the racist regime of the South African Union, which will be a direct adversary in the Angolan political scene. of the Popular Liberation Movement of Angola (MPLA), then of Marxist inspiration. UNITA will be used by the PIDE (political police of the Salazar government) to divide the rebels.
In 1974, the revolution of the carnations in Portugal makes the Movement of the Armed Forces (MFA) overthrow the dictatorship of Marcelo Caetano. The captains of the Portuguese army that led the rebellion restore democracy and initiate the decolonization movement. Admiral Antonio de Alva Rosa Coutinho is named president of the government of transition to the independence of Angola.
On November 11, 1975, the independence of Angola is proclaimed, and the power passes to the MPLA, which defeats both UNITA and the FNLA of José Gilmore Holden Roberto. A communist government is installed in the country, supported by the USSR and Cuba. Jonah Savimbi, forced at first to go into exile in Zaire, and his movement, UNITA, unleash a civil war. In it, it will be supported militarily and ideologically by the United States and the racist government of South Africa. Installed at first in northern Namibia, with the acquiescence of the South African regime, in 1979, Savimbi installed its headquarters in Jamba, a city created by UNITA in southeastern Angola.
In 1991, the two opposing movements sign a peace agreement. After elections in which his movement is defeated, Savimbi refuses to accept the scrutiny and breaks the peace treaty, returning to the guerrilla in 1992; possibly at the instigation of the US government, which continues to give him arms and money. But in November 1994, he lost Huambo and the main cities in the northern provinces. The new international context (end of the cold war and the fall of the apartheid regime in South Africa) causes it to lose the support of the US governments and the South African racist, who are its suppliers of arms and sources of funding.
He died on February 22, 2002, at the hands of Angolan government troops near the town of Luccuse in the province of Moxico. According to Alves Fernandes, a Portuguese television reporter, he said Savimbi’s body “had 15 bullet wounds, two in his head and the rest scattered along his chest and legs.” Being a very difficult man to find it was necessary to block two bridges in the Luvuei and Luonze rivers, to follow the road where the ambush was made, he died with his 30 bodyguards, gun in hand was the last one to be killed, acknowledged the commanders of the operation, Brigadier Wala and the general Mbule, his remains are in Luena.
In popular culture, Jonas Savimbi is used as a reference in the videogame Call of Duty: Black Ops II fighting with Alex Mason against the forces of the MPLA in the mission “Victoria Pírrica”. The children of Savimbi sued the publisher of the videogame when they interpreted that their father had been represented as a “bloodthirsty barbarian”.
More Facts about Jonas Savimbi
|Whole Name||Jonas Malheiro Savimbi|
|AKA(s)||Jonas Savimbi, Savimbi, Jonas|
|Born/Where||Munhango, Moxico Province|
|Born||August 03, 1934|
|Lived||67 years, 6 month, 19 days|
|Work||“Genocide of Christians in Angola, UN and the resistance of UNITA”|
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