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|Garcia in the 1970s|
|Full name||Jerome John Garcia|
|Birthday/Birthplace||August 1, 1942
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Deceased||August 9, 1995(1995-08-09)
Forest Knolls, California, U.S.
|Genre(s)||Psychedelic rock, blues rock, folk rock, country rock, jam rock, bluegrass, roots rock|
|Instruments||Guitar, pedal steel guitar, banjo, vocals|
|Record Labels||Rhino, Arista, Warner Bros., Acoustic Disc, Grateful Dead|
|Worked with||Grateful Dead, Legion of Mary, Reconstruction, Jerry Garcia Band, Old and in the Way, Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band, New Riders of the Purple Sage, Hart Valley Drifters, Mother McCree’s Uptown Jug Champions, Merl Saunders, Rainforest Band, Muruga Booker|
Jerome John “Jerry” Garcia (1 de agosto de 1942 – 9 de agosto de 1995) fue un cantautor y guitarrista estadounidense más conocido por su trabajo como guitarrista y vocalista de la banda Grateful Dead, que ganó prominencia durante la era de la contracultura (1960). Aunque desautorizó el papel, García fue visto por muchos como el líder o “portavoz” del grupo.
Uno de sus fundadores, García actuó con los Grateful Dead durante sus treinta años de carrera (1965-1995). También fundó y participó en una variedad de proyectos paralelos, incluyendo la banda Saunders-Garcia (con su amigo Merl Saunders), la “Jerry Garcia Band”, “Old and in the Way”, el dúo acústico Garcia / Grisman, “Legion of Mary” y “New Riders of the Purple Sage” (que García co-fundó con John Dawson y David Nelson). Lanzó varios álbumes como solista, y contribuyó a numerosos álbumes de otros artistas durante años como músico de sesión. Es muy conocido por su característica forma de tocar la guitarra y fue clasificado el 13º por la revista Rolling Stone en los “100 Guitarristas más grandes de toda la historia”.
A lo largo de su vida, García estaba a veces enfermo debido a su diabetes, y en 1986 entró en un coma diabético que casi le costó la vida. Aunque su salud general mejoró un poco después de eso, también luchó con su adicción a la heroína y la cocaína, y permaneció en una instalación de rehabilitación de drogas en California cuando murió de un ataque al corazón en agosto de 1995 a la edad de 53 años.
Jerry García’s paternal ancestors were from Galicia, in northwestern Spain. His mother’s ancestors were Irish and Swedish. He was born in San Francisco, California, on August 1, 1942, with his parents José Ramón “Joe” García and Ruth Marie “Bobbie” Clifford García, born in San Francisco. His parents named him that by composer Jerome Kern. Jerome John was his second son, preceded by Clifford Ramon “Tiff”, who was born in 1937. Shortly before Clifford’s birth, his father and a partner leased a building in downtown San Francisco and turned it into a bar. Punished by a musicians union for night work.
Garcia was influenced by music at an early age, taking piano lessons for much of his childhood. His father was a retired professional musician and his mother enjoyed playing the piano. His father’s extended family – who had emigrated from Spain in 1919 – often sang during meetings.
Garcia experienced several tragedies during his youth. At four years of age, while the family was on vacation in the Santa Cruz mountains, he suffered the amputation of two thirds of the right middle finger while, together with his brother Tiff, they were cutting firewood. Jerry placed a piece of wood with his finger, but Tiff miscalculated and the ax cut off most of Jerry’s middle finger. After his mother wrapped his hand in a towel, Garcia’s father took him over 30 miles to the nearest hospital. A few weeks later, Garcia, who had not looked at his finger since the accident, was surprised to discover that most of it was missing when the bandage he wore came out during a bath. García later confided that he used it frequently in his youth, showing it to other children in his neighborhood.
Less than a year after he lost most of his finger, his father died. On a vacation with his family near Arcata in northern California in 1947, Garcia’s father went fly fishing on the Trinity River, part of the Six Rivers National Forest. Shortly after entering the river, Garcia’s father slipped on a rock, lost his balance and was dragged by the river rapids. He drowned before other fishermen could catch him. Although Garcia claimed to have seen his father fall into the river, Dennis McNally, author of “The Strange Long Journey: The Inside Story of the Grateful Dead,” argues that Garcia formed the memory after listening to others repeat the story. Blair Jackson, who wrote “Garcia: An American Life,” lends weight to McNally’s claim. Jackson’s evidence: an article in a local newspaper describing José’s death did not mention that García was present when his father died.
After the accident, Garcia’s mother took over her husband’s bar, buying her partner for the entire property. As a result, Ruth Garcia began working full time, sending Jerry and her brother to live near their parents, Tillie and William Clifford. During the five-year period he lived with his grandparents, García enjoyed great autonomy and attended the Monroe School, the local primary school. At school, Garcia was very encouraged in her artistic abilities by her third grade teacher: through her, she discovered that “being a creative person was a viable possibility in life”. According to Garcia, it was at this time that he opened to country and bluegrass for his grandmother, whom he remembered to enjoy listening to the Grand Ole Opry. However, his older brother, Clifford, firmly believed otherwise, insisting that Garcia was “fantasizing about everything [that] … he had been in Opry, but he did not listen to him on the radio.” That’s when Garcia started playing the banjo, his first string instrument.
In 1953, Garcia’s mother married Wally Matusiewicz. Later, Garcia and his brother returned home with their mother and their new stepfather. However, due to the poor reputation of her neighborhood at the time, Excelsior district, Garcia’s mother moved her family to Menlo Park. During his stay in Menlo Park, Garcia became acquainted with racism and anti-Semitism, which displeased him intensely. The same year, Garcia was also introduced to rock and roll and rithmyn & amp; Blues for his brother, and enjoyed listening to people like Ray Charles, John Lee Hooker, B. King, Hank Ballard and later Chuck Berry. Clifford often memorized the voices of his favorite songs, and then Garcia learned the parts of harmony, a movement that Garcia later attributed much of his early ear training.
Jerry Garcia Net Worth – $40 Million
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