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|Calment celebrating her 121st birthday in 1996|
|Birthday/Birthplace||Jeanne Louise Calment
(1875-02-21)21 February 1875
|Deceased||(1997-08-04)4 August 1997
|Height||1.50 m (4 ft 11 in)|
|Wife/Husband||Fernand Calment (m. 1896–1942)|
Jeanne Louise Calment (French pronunciation: [ʒan lwiz kalmɑ]; Arles, Bouches du Rhône, France, February 21, 1875 – Ibid, August 4, 1997) was a French supercentenary confirmed as the longest documented person in history, reaching the age of 122 years and 164 days (in total 44 724 days of life). He lived throughout his life in the city of Arles, southern France, and survived to his daughter and grandson.
It gained popularity especially since the age of 113, when the commemoration of the centenary of Vincent van Gogh’s visit to Arles led to the arrival of journalists in his region, it was incorporated into The Guinness Book of Records in 1988, and On October 17, 1995, he became the oldest person ever known after passing the case (currently verified as false) of Shigechiyo Izumi of Japan, becoming the last documented living person born in the 1870s after the death of the Japanese supercentenary Tane Ikai occurred on July 12, 1995 at age 116.
Survived no less than 329 unquestionably verified supercensemen younger than Calment. His life has been widely documented by scientific studies, with the largest number of records produced to verify his age than in any other case. Calment is the only person in the history of which it was confirmed that he reached the ages of 120, 121 and 122 years.
Calment’s birth certificate.
Jeanne Calment was born in Arles on February 21, 1875. Her father, Nicolas Calment (January 28, 1838 – January 22, 1931), was a boat builder, and her mother, Marguerite Guilles (20 February 1838-18 September 1924), belonged to a family of millers.
Some of his closest relatives also reached an advanced age: his older brother, François (April 25, 1865 – December 1, 1962), lived until he was 97, his father up to a week before he turned 93. years and her mother until she was 86. Jeanne was the youngest of at least four children, since the exact number of the brothers is uncertain. Although she only knew that she had one more brother besides François, two more sisters were also registered, Antoine -when she was 4 years old- and Marie -who died in her first year of life-.
Marriage and offspring
In 1896, at the age of 21, he married his second cousin-grandson of his great-uncle, hence the same surname-Fernand Nicolas Calment, a wealthy shop owner. Her wealth allowed Calment to lead a leisure life and practice some hobbies such as tennis, cycling, swimming, skating, piano and opera.Her husband died in 1942 with around 73 or 74 years old, after Both ate a dessert with poisonous cherries, their only daughter, Yvonne Calment, was born in 1898 and, in marriage to Colonel Joseph Billot, gave a grandson to both, Frédéric, born in 1926. However, Calment survived Yvonne, She died at 36 years old in 1934 due to pneumonia, after which Jeanne took charge of her seven-year-old grandson, and later Frédéric became a doctor and died prematurely in a car accident in 1963 at the age of 36. years.
In 1965, at the age of 90 and without natural heirs, Jeanne Calment signed an agreement to sell her former apartment with a life lease reserve (reverse mortgage) to the notary André-François Raffray -then 47 years old-, through a contract of contingency for which he granted a monthly payment until his death. Although he agreed to pay a monthly sum of 2,500 francs until Calment died, Raffray never imagined that Calment would live 122 years (32 years more) and ended up paying him approximately one million francs (about € 150,000), a figure that was equivalent to double the value of the apartment. Raffray died of cancer thirty years later in 1995, at age 77, and his widow continued the payment until Calment died on August 4, 1997. However, since he turned 110 years old until his death with 122, Calment lived in a nursing home, so his flat in the center of Arles was empty but he was still charging money for him. During all those years Calment used to tell them jokingly that “he was competing with Methuselah.”
In 1985 Calment’s vision deteriorated and, while cooking, caused a small fire in his apartment. After the episode, she voluntarily moved to a nursing home for 110 years, and her international notoriety intensified in 1988, when the commemoration of the centenary of Vincent van Gogh’s visit to Arles gave her the opportunity to be interviewed by journalists. . She commented that at the time she had met Van Gogh 100 years earlier, when she was a girl of just 13 years old and he went to his uncle’s weaving workshop to buy some canvas, he noticed “dirty, badly dressed, unpleasant, very ugly, discourteous, rude and sick. “During the reports, Calment also remembered the sale of colored pencils for Van Gogh and the construction of the Eiffel Tower, and at the age of 114, appeared briefly. in the 1990 film Vincent and Me as herself, becoming the oldest person to have acted in a movie.
In 1995, a documentary film about her life was released, entitled Beyond 120 years with Jeanne Calment. In 1996, Time’s mistress, a four-track CD by Calment, was presented talking about a rap background.
On his 122nd birthday, on February 21, 1997, it was announced that he would no longer make public appearances since his health had seriously deteriorated. He died on August 4, 1997 at 10.45 CET at the age of 122 years and 164 days due to natural causes, and his remains were buried in the cemetery of Trinquetaille, in Arles.
Both before and after the death of Calment several claims were made by other people who admitted having passed their age, but none was certified or accepted, so Jeanne Calment continues to be the bearer of the «person longest certified “. The most recognized cases were:
- Shirali Muslimov (from Azerbaijan), allegedly born on March 26, 1805 and died on September 2, 1973 at the age of 168.
- Tuti Iusúpova (from Uzbekistan), supposedly born on July 1, 1880 and died on March 28, 2015 at 134 years old.
- Antisa Khvichava (from Georgia), supposedly born on July 8, 1880 and died on September 30, 2012 at 132.
More Facts about Jeanne Calment
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