Indira Gandhi

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Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
BR
3rd Prime Minister of India
In office
14 January 1980 – 31 October 1984
President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Zail Singh
Preceded by Charan Singh
Succeeded by Rajiv Gandhi
In office
24 January 1966 – 24 March 1977
President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Zakir Husain
V. V. Giri
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Deputy Morarji Desai
Preceded by Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)
Succeeded by Morarji Desai
Minister of External Affairs
In office
9 March 1984 – 31 October 1984
Preceded by P. V. Narasimha Rao
Succeeded by Rajiv Gandhi
In office
22 August 1967 – 14 March 1969
Preceded by M. C. Chagla
Succeeded by Dinesh Singh
Minister of Defence
In office
14 January 1980 – 15 January 1982
Preceded by Chidambaram Subramaniam
Succeeded by R. Venkataraman
In office
30 November 1975 – 20 December 1975
Preceded by Swaran Singh
Succeeded by Bansi Lal
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
27 June 1970 – 4 February 1973
Preceded by Yashwantrao Chavan
Succeeded by Uma Shankar Dikshit
Minister of Finance
In office
16 July 1969 – 27 June 1970
Preceded by Morarji Desai
Succeeded by Yashwantrao Chavan
Minister of Information and Broadcasting
In office
9 June 1964 – 24 January 1966
Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri
Preceded by Satya Narayan Sinha
Succeeded by Kodardas Kalidas Shah
Personal details
Birthday/Birthplace Indira Priyadarshini Nehru
(1917-11-19)19 November 1917
Allahabad, United Provinces, British India
(present-day Uttar Pradesh, India)
Deceased 31 October 1984(1984-10-31)
New Delhi, Delhi, India
Cause of death Assassination
Resting place Shakti Sthal
Political party Indian National Congress and Congress(I)
Wife/Husband Feroze Gandhi
(m. 1942; his death 1960)
Relations See Nehru-Gandhi family
Kid(s)
  • Rajiv
  • Sanjay
Parents Jawaharlal Nehru (Father)
Kamala Kaul (Mother)
Alma mater Visva-Bharati University
Somerville College, Oxford
Profession(s) Politician
Awards Won Bharat Ratna (1971)
Signature

Indira Gandhi Short Bio

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (in Hindi: इन्दिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गान्धी; Allahabad, November 19, 1917-New Delhi, October 31, 1984) was the only daughter of Kamala Nehru and Jawaharlal Nehru, hero national, and the second prime minister of India who spent most time in office, after his father. She took her name from her husband Feroze Gandhi (without any kinship with Mahatma Gandhi).

Heir to India’s most powerful political dynasty, the Nehru-Gandhi family, began its political rise as its father’s closest and closest ally, after whose death it managed to transform its role as an ornamental member of the political elite to be the most powerful leader of India for decades, this through its popularity in the masses and its kinship and affiliation with the Nehru Dynasty.

Having joined the Congress Party in 1938, he took an active part in the struggle for Indian independence, led by the legendary Mahatma Gandhi, the Hindu leader, achieving this goal in 1947, after the Second World War, when a weakened Great Britain was unable to continue subjugating the Asian country.

Already an independent country, India went on to own its own political-governmental system, which in turn was controlled by the Nehru family, making Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister of India, a position in which he remained for 17 years and from which he promoted the definitive consolidation of the country, with the support of the Congress Party, of which he was the leader and paving the way for the beginning of the dynastic era of the Nehru-Gandhi. It is in this context that the figure of Indira emerges, who becomes the confidant and support of her father, moving with him to the ministerial residence, and becoming a key figure, traveling, getting to know the most consecrated politicians and statesmen of the time, thus playing an essential role as a public figure.

In 1959 she became the Head of the Congress Party. In 1964, after the death of her father Jawaharlal Nehru and the appointment of Lal Bahadur Shastri as India’s prime minister, Indira Gandhi was appointed Minister of Information and Broadcasting, a position in which she remained until 1973. However, the premature death of the first Minister Shastri in 1966, encouraged her to become the general secretary of the Congress Party, and by extension, India’s prime minister that same year.

Despite her new position, Ms. Gandhi, as she was known, not only maintained her previous ministerial position, but also progressively occupied the positions of Minister of Foreign Affairs (1967-1969), Minister of Finance ( 1969-1970), Minister of the Interior (1970-1973) and Minister of Defense (1975).

She served as President of the Congress Party and Prime Minister of India for a total of 15 years, from January 19, 1966 to March 24, 1977, and from January 14, 1980 until her assassination in October 31, 1984, being a strong and determined Hindu leader in one of the most unstable times in India.

Strategist and brilliant political thinker, to occupy such a high position in a society still very patriarchal, you can think that Indira Gandhi was a “passive boss”, but their actions continuously proved otherwise. He used all the means at his disposal to consolidate his power and authority as prime minister; and as one of the most powerful women in the world, she did not hesitate to materialize her political goals on a national and international scale.

He led India to industrialization, and supported the independence of East Pakistan, Bangladesh (at that time part of Pakistan). During the government of his father he helped to centralize power, due to the critical situation of the nation. He had good political relations with the Soviet Union and his relations with the United States became exceptionally cold, because Indira was a left thinker.

In 1975 he declared the country in a state of emergency, censured criticism in the media, ordered compulsory sterilization, and imposed a dictatorship that lasted until 1977, at which time Indira decided to call a popular plebiscite, a suffrage that lost . However, she was re-elected in 1980, due to her charisma, her extreme popularity among the popular classes and the incompetence of the “provisional” government to maintain a fairly firm stability in the country.

Indira fought tirelessly against Sikh nationalism in the Panjab. They wanted a confessional Sikh state (independent of the Panjab to achieve this end). Indira organized a military maneuver to stop the nationalist fanatics in their own temple, which left hundreds of civilian deaths and generated great dissatisfaction among the Sikh minority.

In 1984, three months after his re-election, when he was going to an interview with actor Peter Ustinov, he was killed by two of his trusted bodyguards, who shot him 31 bullet wounds. The bodyguards were part of the Sikh minority and were killed shortly afterwards.

More Facts about Indira Gandhi

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