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|62nd President of Venezuela|
14 April 2002 – 5 March 2013
|Succeeded by||Nicolás Maduro|
|Preceded by||Diosdado Cabello (Acting)|
2 February 1999 – 12 April 2002
|Preceded by||Rafael Caldera|
|Succeeded by||Pedro Carmona (Acting)|
|President of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela
24 March 2007 – 5 March 2013
Eternal President (5 March 2013 – present)
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Nicolás Maduro|
|Birthday/Birthplace||Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías
(1954-07-28)28 July 1954
|Deceased||5 March 2013(2013-03-05)
|Resting place||Cuartel de la Montaña
|Political party||United Socialist Party (2007–2013)|
|Fifth Republic Movement (1997–2007)
Great Patriotic Pole (2011–2013)
|Wife/Husband||Nancy Colmenares (divorced)
Marisabel Rodríguez (divorced)
|Alma mater||Military Academy of Venezuela|
|Years of service||1971–1992|
Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías , better known as Hugo Chávez (listen) (Sabaneta, Barinas; July 28, 1954-Caracas; March 5, 2013) was a Venezuelan politician and military president of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela from February 2, 1999 until his death in 2013. He was also leader of the Fifth Republic Movement from its founding in 1997 until 2007, when he merged with other parties to create the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), which he headed until 2012.
Born into a working-class family in Sabaneta, Barinas, Chávez became an army career officer; After disenchanted with the Venezuelan political system of the moment, based on the Puntofijo Pact, he founded the clandestine Bolivarian Revolutionary Movement 200 (MBR-200) in the early 1980s. Chavez led the MBR-200 in the failed coup d’état against the government of Acción Democrática presided over by Carlos Andrés Pérez in 1992, a coup for which he was imprisoned. Released from prison two years later, he founded the political party Fifth Republic Movement and was elected president of Venezuela in the 1998 elections. Winning again in the 2000 elections, he faced a failed coup against him in 2002, That was followed by the so-called “oil strike”, which lasted until 2003. Ratified in his post in the 2004 presidential referendum, he was elected again in the 2006 elections, where he obtained more than 60% of the votes and returned to obtain the victory in the elections of October 2012, but he could not swear his post, planned for January 10, 2013, because the National Assembly of Venezuela postponed the investiture to allow him to recover from the cancer he suffered in Cuba. In 2011, Chávez could not overcome his illness and died in Caracas on March 5, 2013 at the age of 58.
After approving a new constitution in 1999, Chávez focused his policies on implementing a series of social reforms as part of his “Bolivarian Revolution,” described as a kind of socialist revolution. Thanks to record oil revenues during the 2000s, his government nationalized strategic industries, created the Communal Councils for democratic participation and implemented a series of social programs known as Bolivarian Missions to expand the population’s access to food, housing, Health and education: With Venezuela receiving great benefits from the sale of oil and with the fall of poverty rates and improvements in literacy and income equality, quality of life improved, mainly between 2003 and 2007. At the end of the presidency of Chávez, in the decade of 2010, the economy of the country began to falter, while poverty, inflation and scarcity increased, what critics attributed to the economic actions of his government in previous years, such as price controls and “excessive and unsustainable” spending During his presidency, the country experienced a significant increase in crime, especially the homicide rate and in his later years the perception of corruption in government and police. The use of enabling laws and of forms of communication defined as “Bolivarian propaganda” were also controversial.
At the international level, Chávez aligned himself with the communist government of Cuba presided over by Fidel and then by Raúl Castro, and the leftist governments of Evo Morales (Bolivia), Rafael Correa (Ecuador), Lula da Silva (Brazil) and Daniel Ortega (Nicaragua). His presidency was seen as part of the so-called «Pink Tide» of Latin America. Chavez described his policies as “anti-imperialist”, described himself as a Marxist and was a major adversary of US foreign policy and liberal capitalism. He supported cooperation in South America and the Caribbean and played a decisive role in the creation of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America, the Bank of the South and the network TeleSUR regional television station. His ideas, style and proposals are related to Bolivarianism and 21st Century Socialism.
Hugo Chavez’s Biography
Youth and family
Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías was the second of the six children of the marriage of Hugo de los Reyes Chávez and Elena Frías, both primary school teachers. He grew up in the humble environment of a small town in the Venezuelan plain. 28] At a young age, her parents entrusted her upbringing to her paternal grandmother, Rosa Inés Chávez. As a young man he became fond of baseball, which he practiced later. He was an altar boy and had inclinations for painting, music, creative writing and theater.
He married twice. The first with Nancy Colmenares, from a humble family from Sabaneta de Barinas, with whom she fathered Rosa Virginia, María Gabriela and Hugo Rafael Chávez Colmena. Also, for ten years he maintained a sentimental relationship with the historian Herma Marksman, with whom he maintained an ideological affinity. His second marriage was with journalist Marisabel Rodríguez, from whom he separated in 2003 and with whom he procreated his last daughter, Rosinés.
Education and military life
Hugo Chávez completed primary school education in the Julián Pino School Group in 1966 and later attended high school at Daniel Florentino O’Leary High School in Barinas, where he obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in 1971.
Three weeks after graduating he entered the Military Academy of Venezuela, where he graduated and received his Bachelor of Science and Military Arts degree, in the specialty of Engineering, terrestrial mention, graduating with the rank of second lieutenant, on 5 July 1975. In that same year he completed a course in Communication at the School of Communication and Electronics of the Armed Forces.
He stood out for obtaining the highest grades in the various courses he held within the Armed Forces. Later, in the year of 1977, he was promoted to lieutenant and made the Middle Course of Armored Army in 1979, where he occupies the first place among all the students. Already for the year of 1982 he is promoted to captain, then he made the Advanced Armored Course in 1983, where he would again occupy the first place among all the students. 34]
Later he was a professor of higher studies and participated in the International Course on Political Wars held in Guatemala in 1988. He then completed a Master’s in Political Science at the Simón Bolívar University in 1989 and 1990 , thesis to be completed. He continued his military career in the Armed Forces until reaching the rank of lieutenant colonel in 1990. Finally, he conducted a Command and Staff Course at the Army High School in years of 1991 and 1992.
In the National Armed Forces he held various positions, including Commander of the Communications Squad and the Cedeño Cazadores Battalion between 1975 and 1977; Commander of Platoon and Tank Company AMX-30 of the Braves Armored Battalion of Apure in Maracay, between 1978 and 1979; Commander of Company and head of the Department of Physical Education in the Military Academy of Venezuela between 1980 and 1981, being the following year, head of the Department of Culture of said Academy.
His last military position was that of commander of the Parachute Battalion “Coronel Antonio Nicolás Briceño”, of the Páez Barracks, in Maracay, from 1991 to February 4, 1992.
Hugo Chavez Net Worth – $1 Billion
More Facts about Hugo Chavez
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