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|Publicity photo, c. 1944|
|Birthday/Birthplace||Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler
(1914-11-09)November 9, 1914[a] Vienna, Austria-Hungary
|Deceased||January 19, 2000(2000-01-19)
Altamonte Springs, Florida, U.S.
Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler , known as Hedy Lamarr (Vienna, November 9, 1914 [n 1] -Altamonte Springs, Florida, January 19, 2000 ), Was a film actress and American naturalized Austrian inventor. It was co-inventor of the first version of the spread spectrum that would allow long-distance wireless communications.
Hedy Lamarr’s Biography
She was the only child of a marriage of secularized Jews. His mother, born in Budapest, and his father, born in Lviv, belonged to bourgeois Jewish families, being the pianist mother and the banker father. Since she was little she stood out for her intelligence and was considered by her teachers as gifted. He started his engineering studies at the age of 16, but three years later, in 1933, he left engineering attracted by his artistic streak, and started in the Berlin theater as a student of director Max Reinhardt.
Thus began her film career, and soon would be world famous for the sequence of the film Ecstasy (1933), which appears completely nude, first at the edge of a lake and then running through the Czech countryside. By this scene she would be known as the first woman in film history to appear nude in a commercial film.
Attracted by the film, [citation & nbsp; required] the arms industry mogul Friedrich Mandl arranged a marriage of convenience with his parents and was promised in marriage against his will. Hedy later described that time as of true slavery.
Her husband Fredrich Alexander Maria Fritz Mandl (1900-1977), of a Catholic family on all four sides (although she had a sister, Renata Renée Ferro, 1901-1985, died in Buenos Aires, who converted to Judaism marrying a Sephardi of Corfu, Federico Pace Shalom Ferro, 1885-1935, died in Vienna) was a supplier of ammunition, fighter jets and control systems of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini (of whom he was a personal friend), Lamarr recounts in his memoirs, these sales of military equipment were made during the occupation of Abyssinia (now Ethiopia). After marrying on August 10, 1933, he tried unsuccessfully to get all the existing copies of the film in which his wife appeared nude. Very jealous, he forced her to accompany him on all dinners and business trips. She was locked in the house and subjected to strict control. Hedy had to leave his incipient cinematographic career, and any other activity that was not the simple comparsa of Mandl. She says that she could only bathe or undress when her husband was at her side, stalking her.
On the other hand, Hedy had taken advantage of her solitude to continue her engineering studies, and to use her intelligence to obtain from the clients and suppliers of her husband the details of the weapons technology of the time. This knowledge was transferred by the actress to the authorities of the United States years later; also some meetings served as a guide to devise and patent, in the 1940s, the technique of frequency switching, which would return him notoriety in the last years of his life.
During his confinement he maintains a sentimental relationship with his assistant. This relationship allowed him to obtain the necessary help to escape. In a bizarre love story, Hedy gets the necessary infrastructure to prepare a complete escape plan and escape forever from the clutches of her husband. Escaping through a bathroom window of a restaurant, she flees by car to Paris (France), closely followed by her husband’s bodyguards. [Citation & nbsp; required], although the version that she herself tells in her autobiography is something different: Administered a sleeping pill to her assistant and she was able to leave her house disguised as this one (she had recently hired her for this purpose, because it seemed physically to her). In this way he was able to reach the train station and travel to Paris by this means.
More Facts about Hedy Lamarr
|Whole Name||Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler|
|AKA(s)||Hedy Lamarr, Lamarr, Hedy|
|Born/Where||Vienna, Austria-Hungary [now Austria]|
|Born||November 09, 1914|
|Lived||85 years, 2 month, 10 days|
|His/Her Height||5′ 7″ (1.7 m)|
|Relationships||John Loder (actor)|
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