Ernest Rutherford

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Ernest Rutherford
The Right Honourable
The Lord Rutherford of Nelson
OM FRS
President of the Royal Society
In office
1925–1930
Preceded by Sir Charles Scott Sherrington
Succeeded by Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins
Personal details
Birthday/Birthplace (1871-08-30)30 August 1871
Brightwater, Tasman District, New Zealand
Deceased 19 October 1937(1937-10-19)
Cambridge, England, UK
Citizenship British subject
Citizenship New Zealander
Lives Where New Zealand, United Kingdom
Signature
College(s) Canterbury College, University of New Zealand
University of Cambridge
Credit for
  • Discovery of alpha and beta radioactivity
  • Discovery of atomic nucleus (Rutherford model)
  • Rutherford scattering
    Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy
  • Discovery of proton
  • Rutherford (unit)
  • Coining the term ‘artificial disintegration’
Awards Won
  • Rumford Medal (1904)
  • Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1908)
  • Barnard Medal (1910)
  • Elliott Cresson Medal (1910)
  • Matteucci Medal (1913)
  • Copley Medal (1922)
  • Franklin Medal (1924)
  • Albert Medal (1928)
  • Faraday Medal (1930)
  • Wilhelm Exner Medal (1936)
  • Faraday Lectureship Prize (1936)
Scientific career
Fields Physics and Chemistry
Institutions McGill University
University of Manchester
University of Cambridge
Academic advisors Alexander Bickerton
J. J. Thomson
Doctoral students
  • Nazir Ahmed
  • Norman Alexander
  • Edward Victor Appleton
  • Robert William Boyle
  • James Chadwick
  • Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry
  • Norman Feather
    Daulat Singh Kothari
  • Alexander MacAulay
  • Cecil Powell
  • Henry DeWolf Smyth
  • Ernest Walton
  • Evan James Williams
  • C. E. Wynn-Williams
  • Yulii Borisovich Khariton
Other notable students
  • Edward Andrade
  • Edward Victor Appleton
  • Patrick Blackett
  • Niels Bohr
  • Bertram Boltwood
  • Harriet Brooks
  • Teddy Bullard
  • John Cockcroft
  • Charles Galton Darwin
  • Charles Drummond Ellis
  • Kazimierz Fajans
  • Hans Geiger
  • Otto Hahn
  • Douglas Hartree
  • Pyotr Kapitsa
  • George Laurence
  • Iven Mackay
  • Ernest Marsden
  • Mark Oliphant
  • Thomas Royds
  • Frederick Soddy
Influenced Henry Moseley
Hans Geiger
Albert Beaumont Wood

Ernest Rutherford Short Bio

Ernest Rutherford , OM, PC, FRS, also known as Lord Rutherford (Brightwater, New Zealand, August 30, 1871-Cambridge, UK, 19 October 1937), was a New Zealand physicist and chemist.

He devoted himself to the study of radioactive particles and managed to classify them into alpha (α), beta (β) and gamma (γ). He found that the radioactivity was accompanied by a disintegration of the elements, which won him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908. He was given an atomic model, with which he proved the existence of the atomic nucleus, in which all the positive charge and almost the entire mass of the atom. He got the first artificial transmutation with the collaboration of his disciple Frederick Soddy.

During the first part of his life he devoted himself completely to his investigations, spent the second half dedicated to teaching and directing the Cavendish Laboratories of Cambridge, where the neutron was discovered. He was a teacher of Niels Bohr and Otto Hahn.

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