Dmitri Mendeleev

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Dmitri Mendeleev
Dmitri Mendeleev
Dmitri Mendeleev in 1897
Birthday/Birthplace Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev
(1834-02-08)8 February 1834
Verkhnie Aremzyani, Tobolsk Governorate, Russian Empire
Deceased 2 February 1907(1907-02-02)
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Citizenship Russian
College(s) Saint Petersburg University
Credit for Formulating the Periodic table of chemical elements
Wife/Husband
  • Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva (1862–1871)
  • Anna Ivanovna Popova (1882)
Awards Won
  • Davy Medal (1882)
  • ForMemRS (1892)
Scientific career
Fields Chemistry, physics
Academic advisors Gustav Kirchhoff
Notable students
  • Dmitri Petrovich Konovalov
  • Valery Gemilian
  • Alexander Baykov
Signature

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (in Russian: Дмитрий Иванович Менделеев; Tobolsk, January 27th / February 8th & nbsp; from & nbsp; 1834greg.-Saint Petersburg, January 20July./ February 2 & nbsp; from & nbsp; 1907greg.) Was a Russian chemist, famous for having discovered the underlying pattern in what is now known as the periodic table of the elements. He was also a traveler, photographer and collector.

On the basis of the spectral analysis established by the Germans Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchoff, he dealt with chemical-physical problems related to the emission spectrum of the elements. He made the determinations of specific volumes and analyzed the liquefaction conditions of the gases, as well as the origin of the oils.

His main research was the one that gave rise to the enunciation of the periodic law of the elements, basis of the periodic system that bears his name. In 1869 he published his book Principles of Chemistry, in which he developed the theory of the periodic table.

Dmitri Mendeleev’s Biography

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeléyev was born in Tobolsk (Siberia) on February 8, 1834. He was the youngest of at least 17 brothers in the family formed by Ivan Pavlovich Mendeléyev and Maria Dmitriev Mendeléyev. In the same year he was born, his father was blind losing his job like this, he was the director of the town school. One of the greatest physical features was his huge beard which historians say only shaved once a year.

They received an insufficient pension, so the mother had to take the reins of the family and run the glass factory that her grandfather had founded. From a young age he excelled in science at school, not in spelling. A brother-in-law of his, exiled for political reasons, and a chemist from the factory instilled in him a love for science.

The family suffered, since Dmitri only finished high school, his father died and the glass factory that his mother ran, burned down. This opted to invest the savings in the education of Dmitri, instead of rebuilding the factory. At that time most of the brothers, except one sister, had already become independent, and the mother took them to Moscow so that Dmitri could enter the University. However, Mendeleev was not admitted; his Siberian origin closed the doors to him of the universities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg, reason why it was formed in the Pedagogical Institute of this last city.

In 1862 he married, forced by his sister, with Feozva Nikítichna Leschiova with whom he had three children, one of whom died. This was an unhappy marriage and since 1871 they lived separately. He was accused of a bigamist, because once divorced from his wife, he remarried her, without waiting for the seven years required by Russian legislation, although he was lucky that the punishment fell on the pastor who had married them.

He found happiness by marrying Anna Ivanovna Popova, 26 years younger than him. To achieve this, Mendeléyev spent four years desperate, even fell into a depression, because his wife refused to grant him a divorce and Anna’s family strongly opposed. On the verge of giving up, he got his wife’s divorce and went in search of Anna who was in Rome. In 1882 they got married. They had four children, the eldest of whom, Liubov, would marry the Russian poet Aleksandr Blok.

Although he is best known in the West for having created the periodic table of the elements, the contribution of Dmitri Mendeleev to the development of Russia was very vast and is therefore recognized as a true personality of the Russian Renaissance. His fields of study varied from chemistry to aeronautics.

His extensive knowledge led him to become an influential figure among his contemporaries, he was an advisor to the Russian Finance Minister, Sergei Vitte, and wrote more than 70 articles on the economic and social development of the country.

Mendeléyev was one of the greatest masters of his time and is credited with educating thousands of students. He died on February 2, 1907, almost blind. Mendeléyev is considered a genius, not only for the ingenuity he showed to apply everything known and predict the unknown on the chemical elements and translate it into the periodic table, but for the numerous works carried out throughout his life in various fields of science, agriculture, livestock, industry and oil.

More Facts about Dmitri Mendeleev

The Dmitri Mendeleev’s statistics like age, body measurements, height, weight, bio, wiki, net worth posted above have been gathered from a lot of credible websites and online sources. But, there are a few factors that will affect the statistics, so, the above figures may not be 100% accurate.

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