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|Assad in Moscow in 2015|
|19th President of Syria|
17 July 2000
|Prime Minister||Muhammad Mustafa Mero
Muhammad Naji al-Otari
Riyad Farid Hijab
Omar Ibrahim Ghalawanji
Wael Nader al-Halqi
|Vice President||Abdul Halim Khaddam
|Preceded by||Abdul Halim Khaddam (Acting)|
|Regional Secretary of the Regional Command of the Syrian Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party|
24 June 2000
Mohammed Saeed Bekheitan
|Preceded by||Hafez al-Assad|
|Birthday/Birthplace||Bashar Hafez al-Assad
(1965-09-11) 11 September 1965
Damascus, Damascus Governorate, Syria
|Political party||Syrian Ba’ath Party|
|National Progressive Front|
|Wife/Husband||Asma al-Assad (m. 2000)|
|Alma mater||Damascus University|
|Service/branch||Syrian Armed Forces|
|Years of service||1988–present|
|Unit||Republican Guard (Before 2000)|
|Commands||Syrian Armed Forces|
|Battles/wars||Syrian Civil War|
Bashar Háfez al-Ásad ([baʃʃaːr ħaːfezˤ elʔasad] in Arabic, بشار حافظ الأسد, Baššār Ḥāfiẓ al-‘Asad, Damascus, September 11, 1965) is the current president of Syria, ruling since 2000 after succeeding his father, Háfez al-Ásad, who presided over the country for 29 years until his death.
Al-Ásad graduated from the School of Medicine of the University of Damascus in 1988, and began working as a military doctor in the Syrian Arab Army. Four years later, he attended postgraduate studies in London, specializing in Ophthalmology. In 1994 his older brother, Basel, died in a traffic accident. Bashar returned to Syria to resume the role of his brother as a natural heir. He entered the military academy, and took over the Syrian occupation of Lebanon in 1998. In December 2000, Assad married Asma al-Asad, a computer science graduate and economic analyst at Deutsche Bank and JP Morgan. Al-Ásad was confirmed by the national electorate as president in 2000, in 2007 and in 2014, after the vote of the People’s Council of Syria to propose the president on both occasions.
Initially seen by the international community as a potential reformer, this expectation ceased when demonstrations and subsequent armed uprisings began, which, along with the government’s response to defeat them, triggered the Syrian Civil War, described by some analysts as part of the so-called “Arab Spring” movement, opposition within the country, the United States, Canada, member countries of the European Union and members of the Arab League, have subsequently requested the resignation of Ásad as president Syria’s allies, including Russia, have argued instead that the civil war is the result of direct support from the West to mercenaries and jihadist groups.
The al-Ásad government has been described as secular, but has been accused by countries that support their opponents and their media and organizations as a “sectarian dictator”. [13 ]
Bashar Al Assad’s Biography
Childhood and education
Bashar al-Ásad was born in Damascus on September 11, 1965, son of Aniseh and Háfez al-Ásad. His father, born in a poor family of Alawite origin, ascended the ranks of the Baath Party to take control of the Syrian branch in the Syrian corrective revolution of 1970, culminating in his presidency. [quote & nbsp; required] Hafez al-Ásad promoted his supporters within the Baath Party, many of Alawite origin as well. [18 ] His surname in Arabic means “the lion”.
Unlike his brothers, Basel and Shabbih Maher, and his sister Bushra, Bashar was quiet and reserved and said he had no interest in politics or the Army. He later said that he only got to enter his father’s office once while in the presidency, and never talked politics with him. He took his primary and secondary education at the Franco-Arab School in al-Hurriya, in Damascus. 1982, he graduated from the institute and went to study medicine at the University of Damascus.
In 1988 Bashar el-Ásad graduated from medical school and began working as a doctor in the Army at the largest military hospital, “Tishrin”, outside Damascus. Four Years later he went to the United Kingdom to begin his graduate studies in ophthalmology at Western Eye Hospital, part of the group of learning hospitals of St. Mary’s in London. At that time Bashar had few political aspirations. [ 26] His father had been preparing his older brother Basel as the future president, although he never declared his intentions.27 Bashar, however, was called in 1994 to the Syrian Arab Army after the death of Basel in an accident traffic.
Arrival to power
Shortly after the death of Basel, Hafez al-Ásad made the decision to make Bashar the new heir. Over the next 6 and a half years, until his death in 2000, Hafez took charge of systematically prepare Bashar for his takeover. Preparation for a smooth transition was made in three levels. In the first place, support was generated for Bashar in the Army and the security apparatus. Second, the image of Bashar was established with the public. And finally, Bashar became familiar with the mechanisms to govern a country.
|Years of service||Since 1988|
|Loyalty||& nbsp; Syria (faction in government)|
|Service /branch||Syrian Armed Forces|
|Participated in||Syrian Civil War|
|[edit data in Wikidata]|
To establish his credentials in the Army, Bashar entered in 1994 at the Military Academy of Homs, north of Damascus. In 1997, he became Lieutenant Colonel in the Syrian Army, and in January 1999 he became Colonel. To obtain support in the Army, the major division commanders were forced to retire. , and they occupied their places new commanders, young people and Alawites with loyalty towards Bashar.
Parallel to his military career, Bashar was in charge of public affairs. He was granted power and became a political advisor to President Hafez al-Asad and head of the citizen’s complaints office. He carried out a campaign against corruption, which allowed him to eliminate potential rivals for the presidency.
In 1998 Bashar was in charge of the Syrian occupation of Lebanon. Since the 1970s, Vice President Abdul Khaddam, one of the few Sunni officials in the Assad government and a possible candidate until then for the office of president, has been in charge. In dealing with Syrian affairs in Lebanon, Bashar he was able to remove Khaddam and establish his own power base in the country. That same year, after consulting with Lebanese politicians, Bashar put Emile Lahoud, a loyal ally, as President of Lebanon and set aside the ex-president. Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
To further weaken the old Syrian order in Lebanon, Bashar replaced the long-standing de facto High Commissioner of Lebanon Ghazi Kanaan, with Rustum Ghazali.
More Facts about Bashar Al Assad
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